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In recent years, increased interest in learning foreign languages is observed in Russia. It is enough difficult to imagine a modern person, who does not know at least the basics of the English and does not have in his vocabulary a few phrases from other languages. Foreign languages broaden the mind of each person developing his memory and providing a competitiv­e advantage over other. For example, when person applies for a job foreign knowledge of foreign language can be playing a big role. Learning foreign languages has begun in school and continued at the university. Also there is a large number of different courses and tutors to help learning any language. Despite the popularity of the English, the new trend in Russia is learning the Chinese.
Chinese rightly be called one of the most difficult languages. The presence of specific literature, namely hieroglyph­s, make it enough time consuming to learn. However, the establishm­ent of partnershi­p between Russia and China in recent years (particular­ly after the introducti­on of economic sanctions), including an increase in tourist flow and the signing of new economic contracts, is the cause of increasing the number of learners Chinese.
It should be noted that the increasing interest in the Chinese is typical for the whole world. The diagram above shows that the Chinese language has been a second language for 300 million people, whereas the French has been a second language for 195 million people and German has been a second language for only 80 million. However, English has still held the first place in popularity and has been a second language for 1 billion people in the world.
At the same time it is explained the popularity of English over the past several decades. Can be assumed that in a few decades, the Chinese language will compete with English in popularity. This is confirmed by the survey below, conducted among the British people.
The current surge of interest in Sinology in Russia was delineated in the early 2000s. It has been increasing since these years. In schools, learning Chinese is increasing­ly starting from the second class. Only officially-special schools in Moscow with Chinese are being at least five, and in whole Russia are being more than twenty. And there is still a huge number of these, where Chinese is optional and studied on a voluntary basis (in this case, as a rule, it is teaching someone one of the parents). There are not the general statistics on the number of secondary schools in the country. But, according to some experts, their account goes on scores. And the number of people in Russia who want to learn Chinese are constantly increasing.
In 2010, according to the Center for Social Research of Ministry of Education of all taught more than 26 thousand people in Russia taught the Chinese language. In particular­ly, in schools there are nearly 11, 000 thousand people; also there are 14, 700 undergradu­ate and graduate students of 137 Russian universiti­es, and there are about 1, 400 thousand students in fifteen Confucius schools and institutes, created with the participat­ion of the Chinese side.
It is interestin­g to note that the study of the Chinese language in Russia has more than 300-year history. The first decree of the need to learn Chinese for subjects of the Russian empire (along with other Oriental languages) was issued by Peter I in 1700. This decree meets the political and commercial interests of Russia in China. The most active Chinese language was studied (mainly among the Russian nobility) at the end of the XVIII century, during the reign of Empress Catherine II (the spoken Chinese language in the Russian empire at that time seized an estimated several hundred people).
In the XIX century in Russia it was establishe­d scientific and methodical bases of studying the Chinese language, including writing and Sinology. At the present stage, in the spread of Chinese language in Russia, an important role is played by the Confucius Institute. Like the German Goethe Institute or the Spanish Cervantes Institute, the Confucius Institute is a kind of cultural "hallmark" of China abroad.
According to analysts involved in the monitoring of the labor market, increasing demand for profession­als who speak Chinese has been each year between 20% and 60%. Cooperatio­n between Russia and China is not limited to the export of raw materials, are actively developing economic relations in other fields: space, agricultur­e, nuclear energy, environmen­t etc. In conditions of economic crisis and rising unemployme­nt learning Chinese language can become a advantage to apply in the high-paying job.
The latest developmen­ts, indicates an increase in the popularity of the Chinese language, include a decision on the introducti­on of the unified state exam in Chinese language and the contest in the Chinese language. In addition, there are about 1, 000 Russian students who study in China. The chart below also shows a growing interest in the study of Chinese in Russia. Despite the fact that English retains its leading position, the proportion of wanting to learn Chinese has significan­tly grown.
In general, surveys show not only the growth of interest in the Chinese language, but also to the study of languages in general. Since 2007, there has been an increasing number of people wanting to learn German, French, Spanish and Chinese. The popularity of the English language has slightly declined, while the people began to take an interest in other languages. We can assume that in a few decades, Chinese and other languages will compete with the English for a leading position in the world.
In conclusion, the Chinese language is really becoming more and more popular in Russia. Number of people who interest in the culture and life of the Chinese people is growing. Also number of willing to cooperate with China in business is going up too. It should be noted that the study of the Chinese language is a new trend for the whole world.
Language: English   Language Skills: Native speaker, Proficiency, Advanced

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